Photography: Different photography styles
Photography is a massive industry. Contrary to popular belief, it’s not just about holding a camera, pressing the shutter button and posting pictures on every social media platform. It’s not about the kind of equipment that you use, the lenses that you bring nor the brands that you follow for years. The world of photography has its own field with so many paths that you can venture into, honing your skills as an up-and-coming shutterbug.
There are a lot of categories and genres in photography with different techniques, subject matters and equipment. With this, photographers can greatly expand their skill set, diversify their portfolio and explore their creativity. In fact, some genres like street photography and black-and-white photography are easy to embrace, allowing beginners to start with low-end photography gears.
So, if you’ve always wanted to pursue photography, you’ve come to the right place! Here at Photography, you will learn the different photography styles that you can try even if you’re just starting. Check them out below:
Wedding photography is a genre that focuses on the activities and moments related to weddings. The pictures are typically taken inside cathedrals and scenic locations such as beaches, parks and national bridges, among others.
Moreover, there are two approaches to wedding photography: traditional and photojournalistic. The former aims to take classically posed photographs and simple images of the event with the photographer in full control. Throughout the event, they will instruct you to do poses or stand on a ceremony backdrop.
In a nutshell, traditional wedding photography is straightforward and less creative since the photos are only shot at eye level.
On the other hand, photojournalistic photography gives more freedom to wedding couples. It is more focused on candid and documentary-style photographs with little to no interaction with the photographer. The wedding will be treated as a news or feature story, just letting the events unfold naturally to capture genuine moments.
If you want to pursue wedding photography, then you must perform when the pressure is too high. Remember that weddings are intense with several moments happening all at once, so you have to be quick on your feet!
Portrait photography is one of the most popular photography genres all over the world, covering everything from commercial work to family portraits. Its goal is to capture the character, emotion and personality of a subject using backdrops and lighting techniques. This genre of photography is also pretty accessible since you can just use a smartphone, especially if you’re just starting.
However, it takes a lifetime of hard work and dedication to take impressive portraitures. You need to be well-versed when it comes to techniques, lighting and camera settings to achieve the best results.
Take a look at these portrait photography tips to get you started:
Choose the right background
In portrait photography, the background matters just as much as your subject. Once you make the mistake of choosing a distracting backdrop, it will take the attention away from the person you’re photographing.
For starters, make sure that you pick a neutral and uncluttered background to make your subject the focal point. However, you don’t have to choose a completely plain wall since the photo might look too bland. For example, you can choose a wall with an interesting shade of colour or texture to make the photo look more alive.
Another technique that you can use is to add another object in the background to make things look more natural and compelling. For instance, if you’re photographing an artist, add buckets of paint and an easel in the background. If it’s a musician, try to photograph them on a stage in front of their electric guitar.
Make your subject feel comfortable
Even if you use the most high-end camera equipment to take pictures, the results will turn out underwhelming if your subject doesn’t feel comfortable. Keep in mind that being photographed is not exactly a stress-free situation. Most people tend to have jitters, shaky hands and excessive sweating that they end up smiling awkwardly.
So, you need to help them be prepared for the shoot. Make small talk, ask about their day, talk about their favourite movies or offer them food. It’s important to let them know that they can be comfortable in front of the camera without any judgement.
Before you start taking pictures, explain the shot that you want to achieve. You can also ask about their suggestions so they’re at ease. In portrait photography, communication is extremely important.
At its essence, street photography documents the everyday moments happening on the streets, usually unstaged and candid. It is one of the most challenging genres of photography since you have little to no control of the situations. In some cases, even if you press the shutter button one second too late, you’d miss the perfect shot.
It requires a great deal of patience, hard work and even courage. You will approach strangers if you want to take their pictures and ask for their consent. Moreover, you need to tell compelling stories using photographs alone, which is hard to pull off most of the time.
Most beginners in street photography usually deal with overwhelming fear to get themselves out on the streets. So, to help you get rid of that feeling of dread, follow these tips:
Start with street portraitures
One of the best ways to beat the anxiety of dealing with strangers is to take street portraits. This is where you’ll approach people on the street and take portraits of them. In this way, you’d easily get comfortable with the whole thing, helping you hone your street photography skills much faster.
Start by picking the most friendly vendors that you can find. After buying their products, politely ask for their consent if you can take their portraits. You’ll learn how most people are excited to smile in front of a camera and tell their stories through pictures!
Pretend you’re a tourist
You may feel afraid to get in the zone because you’re photographing the city you grew up in. However, try to pretend that you’re a tourist even just for a while. Imagine that you’re a person who lives miles away from home, and you’re visiting the town for the first time.
This is one of the easiest ways to fake your confidence. Since you’ve tricked yourself into believing you’re just a tourist, you’d have more freedom to take pictures as much as you want. Try not to look at people directly and focus on the background so you don’t lose your momentum!
Be mindful of your chosen subject
When it comes to street photography, you have to be mindful of the subject that you pick. Don’t choose someone who’s obviously in a bad mood since things can go awry in just a snap. Try to stay away from spots where riots and criminal activities are rampant to keep yourself safe.
Moreover, if a person calls you out for taking their pictures, offer your sincerest apologies and delete the photo right away.
Underwater photography is the process of taking pictures while underwater, usually done by scuba diving, snorkelling or riding a submersible underwater vehicle. It captures marine life and the underwater environment including shipwrecks and cave systems. Consequently, some organizations and groups use this type of photography to observe bodies of water to address climate change and pollution issues.
You need to have advanced equipment since most cameras do not come with a waterproof feature. And if you ever find a waterproof camera, they can only function to a certain depth.
Most newbies use GoPros or smartphones wrapped in plastic bags to get started in underwater photography without spending a fortune.
In addition, underwater photography poses lots of challenges. Some issues that you may encounter include water clarity, currents, bubbles, unexpected waves and dangerous sea creatures. One way or another, these things will affect your ability to take great shots.
Just like street photography, wildlife photography requires patience, good shooting spot and bravery. This genre of photography documents different animals in their natural habitat, often requiring stalking skills and the use of blinds for hiding.
Although you can still take wildlife photographs using basic camera gear, it takes specialized camera equipment to take the best shots. This includes tripods, wide-angle and macro lenses, as well as a gimbal stabilizer. Some photographers even use camera traps that use motion detection to avoid spooking animals or disrupting their natural behaviours.
Most of the shots are often submitted for publications like National Geographic and Discover Magazine. However, if you’re not ready to go out into the wild, you can practice in your backyard and take pictures of any animal that you can find. Make sure that you have enough patience!